PCOS

PCOS Treatment Nairobi, Kenya

PCOS Symptoms, Treatment, Cost, and Side Effects

PCOS, an abbreviation of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), is one of the root causes of irregular menstrual cycles. It is caused due to hormonal imbalance that disturbs the menstrual cycles in females.

In PCOS, the ovaries are seen covered with numerous cysts when viewed under ultrasound. The number of cysts (fluid-filled sacs) can be more than ten, and their size ranges from 2 mm to 9 mm. These cysts then hinder the ovulation process, making it highly irregular. In some cases, severe PCOS can make periods almost non-existent. Therefore, women with PCOS may find it difficult to conceive naturally. The severity of PCOS can result in infertility, and even altered physical appearances, such as hirsutism, hair loss, and adult acne.

However, PCOS is curable if you get treatment at an early stage.

Cause of PCOS:

Numerous types of research have been conducted on the causes of PCOS. However, the exact cause of PCOS has not been discovered yet. As this condition is observed to run in families, experts believe that genetic factors play a crucial role.

If women in your family, like your mother or maternal aunt or grandmother, had PCOS, there is a high chance of the young generation of women developing this condition.

Symptoms of PCOS

    • Irregular, unpredictable menstrual cycle
    • Difficulty in conceiving naturally
    • Abrupt weight gain
    • Unnatural increase in facial and body hair
    • Patchy skin with thick, brown marks
    • Skin patches, especially in areas like neck folds and armpits
    • Unexplained hair loss
    • Oily skin and acne
    • Sudden mood swings
    • Pain in the pelvic area
    • Interrupted breathing while sleeping (sleep apnea)

Effects of PCOS on fertility

    • Anovulation (Absence of ovulation)
    •  PCOS, if untreated, can significantly damage the female reproductive system. It leads to anovulation, the medical term for the absence of ovulation. It considerably reduces the chances of natural conception for a woman.
    • Weight gain

Obesity or excessive weight is one of the significant factors for infertility. PCOS further adds to it, making natural conception even more challenging. Experts believe weight gain is the body’s way of resisting ovulation-inducing drugs.

Diagnosis:  

It is impossible to diagnose PCOS with a single test. After observing the symptoms, when you consult our FERTILITY SPECIALIST in Nairobi, Kenya, he may suggest some tests to confirm whether you have PCOS condition or not. Furthermore, he may check for physical signs like excess hair growth, insulin resistance and acne. It helps to be prepared with dates of the past few menstrual cycles and weight changes if you keep a tab on it.

The tests may include the following

Pelvic examination: Our FERTILITY SPECIALIST may check your reproductive organs to look for signs of masses, growths and other changes.

Blood tests: Your healthcare provider may recommend a few blood tests to check your hormone levels. It may include checking androgen, fasting cholesterol and triglyceride levels. He may also ask you to get a glucose tolerance test done to check your body’s response to sugar.

Ultrasound: An ultrasound (also known as sonography) test is done to measure the thickness of the uterus lining and the appearance of ovaries and follicles.

Treatment:

PCOS treatment is determined by the symptoms that concern you the most. For example hirsutism (men-like hair growth), weight gain, infertility or acne. Then, the doctor may prescribe lifestyle changes, medicines or a combination of both.

Lifestyle changes: 

Lifestyle changes may include:

    • A low-calorie diet
    •  Moderate exercise
    • Weight loss activities

Even a slight weight reduction may increase the effectiveness of the medicines in case of PCOS. Your healthcare provider may ask you to consult an expert dietician or nutritionist for further course of treatment.

Remember, PCOS is curable. Reach out to our 9 months fertility center for PCOS treatment in Nairobi, Kenya

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